This paper was researched and produced by Sam Hilton and Caroline Baylon, Research affiliates at the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk, who also provide the Secretariat for the APPG for Future Generations. In preparing this paper, they draw on both desk research and in-depth interviews with twelve current and former civil servants from across relevant departments, including the Cabinet Office, the Ministry of Defence and Public Health England. These meetings mostly took place in 2019, prior to COVID-19. This paper has forewords written by Government frontbench Minister, Graham Stuart MP & Labour frontbench Minister, Bambos Charalambous MP. We launched this paper at a virtual event for Parliamentarians which was attended by a BBC journalist, over 32 cross-party Parliamentarians and senior civil servants from Cabinet Office and Civil Contingency Secretariat.